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1. Introduction
2. Copyright
3. Categories of Papers
4. Refereeing
5. Publishing fees
6. Preparation of Manuscripts
6-1. Format of papers
6-2. Style of text
6-3. Native Check of English

1. Introduction

This information is based on the current rules and regulations on paper submission and is summarized for authors who want to prepare their manuscripts for the Journal of the AABEA "EAEF". The Journal "EAEF" is issued four times a year on a web site. The Board of Editors of AABEA has the final decision authority on the matters related to the editing of the Journal.

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2. Copyright

The copyright of all papers, articles and other documents which are published in the Journal belongs to AABEA. The corresponding author will be asked to send downloaded Copyright Transfer Form with all authors' signatures.

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3. Categories of Papers

In the Journal of AABEA, original and unpublished papers related to engineering on foods, agriculture and environment agricultural machinery, tillage and aeromechanics, precision farming, agricultural instrumentation and sensors, bio-robotics, field robotics, bio-micro machine, systems automation, processing of agricultural products and foods, quality evaluation and food safety, waste treatment and management, environmental control, energy utilization, agricultural systems engineering, bio-informatics, computer simulation, computational mechanics, farm work systems, mechanized cropping, and so on) are published in either of Research Paper, Technical Paper, Review Paper or Invited Paper category. Research Paper is a paper that contains scientific value and originality. Technical Paper is the one that is important in terms of practical technology rather than its scientific value or originality, and is based on the data obtained by the authors. Review Paper is intended to be in-depth study of the state-of-the-art of particular professional fields, while Invited paper is requested from editorial board to author with a certain purpose.

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4. Refereeing

All submitted papers are peer reviewed. Usually, more than two referees who have appropriate knowledge are appointed for Research Paper, Technical Paper. One referee is appointed for Invited Paper and Review Paper. Based on the results from reviewers, the Board of Editors decides whether the publication in the Journal is permitted or not. Moreover, the Board of Editors may sometimes request the authors to add, correct, remove some parts of the contributed manuscripts. The authors who received such modification request must send either the explanation against the refereed result or the revised manuscript to the Board of Editors as quickly as possible.
If a paper is accepted for publication, the day when the manuscripts arrived at the Board of Editors (the day of receipt) is registered as the day of manuscript acceptance. The Board of Editors will also send the letter of acceptance for publication to the corresponding author. However, the day of first acceptance may be invalidated if the revised manuscript is not submitted from the author within two months from the day of its return from the Board of Editors.

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5. Publishing fees

No charge is required for any paper, if any member of CIAM, JSAM or KSAM is included in authors of the paper. 120 US dollars are charged per paper for members of non-member societies. 20 US dollers are chareged each exceeded page. If you need the off-prints of your paper, please ask the editorial board.

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6. Preparation of Manuscripts

6-1. Format of papers

Authors are requested to use the template file as a format and style of papers. Research Paper and Technical Paper should not exceed 6 typeset printed pages, where the total amount of figures and photographs should not be more than 12 units. As for Review Paper, typeset printed page limit is 8 pages. Papers that exceed this limit may suffer the extra charge. However, Invited papers and other papers that the editorial board approved are out of the page limitation.

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6-2. Style of text

Category of Paper

First page of the manuscript must begin a line with the indication of the type of paper, such as Invited Paper, Research Paper, Technical Paper or Review Paper.

The author must put the main title of his paper. The definitive and concise title is recommended. The title should be short but clear (10 words most if possible). Capitalize the first letter of each word in the title except articles such as "a" and "the", prepositions (including between), and conjunctions such as "and" and "with". Center name(s) of author(s) directly beneath the title. It may follow a subtitle after the line break.
If the contents of a paper have already been presented at a meeting of each Society such as KSAM, CIAM, or JSAM, the name of the related meeting is written as footnote on the same page where the title is written, and a corresponding asterisk (* mark) is put on the upper right side of the last character of title. Similarly, if the submission of paper whose contents were already published in the Journal of KSAM, CIAM, or JSAM as Short Report, it is required to write down the volume and number of the Journal in the footnote.

Name of authors
Author name is clearly written with first name and last name. For multiple authorships, separation mark should be "," even if the paper is written by two authors. Family name of the author must be capital letter. Furthermore, in the same footnote, business address should be shown, and corresponding 1, 2 are placed on right side of the family name of each name.

Abstracts with not more than 120 words must be attached. The basic structure of an abstract includes a topic sentence or hypothesis (rationale) of the work, a brief description of the methods, a summary of the results, and a conclusion. Literature citations and references to tables, figures, or equations found in the body of the manuscript should not be used.

The author are asked to put keywords of 5-10 words, written in small letters but the first letter of proper noun be written in capital letter.

Units to be used in a paper must be expressed in International System of units (SI), and for conventional items, metric or foot-pound system units may be written together within a bracket.

b) Section Numbers
Section numbers and marks are attached to the captions in the text and used as a rule in the following order.
I II III (Sections of major captions)
1. 2. 3. (Sections of minor captions)
(1) (2) (3) (Sections of minor captions)
a b c (Sections of minor captions)
(a) (b) (c) (Sections of minor captions)
(i) (ii) (iii) (Sections of minor captions)
Major captions shall be placed the middle of rows, and minor captions are written upon leaving one blank space from the left end of rows.

c) Figures, Photographs and Tables
As for the size of figures (including photographs), the dimensions of finished prints including marginal letters explaining ordinates, abscissas and others shall be 8cm x 8cm or 8cm x 16cm. Figures must be drawn clearly so that their contents are easily seen. For example, line drawings should have the line width of at least 0.5 point of thickness. The Board of Editors may request authors to correct unclear figures.

d) Results, discussions and acknowledgments
The results should include a solution to the problem stated in the introduction. Use tables, charts, graphs, diagrams, and photographs to visually supplement the presentation of your results. The main data values may be restated in the text to emphasize evidence on which the conclusions are based. Do not omit important negative results. Any conclusions must be stated that can be drawn from your data and present them carefully to avoid confusion by the readers. You may include the conclusion in the discussion section, or you may have a separate section for the conclusion. The summary, however, must be kept separate and data or statements must have been stated previously in the text. Acknowledgments will appear at the end of the printed article and should run no more than approximately five sentences in length.

The references should aid the reader, librarian, or indexer to retrieve the items cited. Place all bibliographic references together at the end of the text in the references section. Arrange the list alphabetically by the last name of the first author. List two or more articles by the same author (or authors) chronologically from the oldest to the most recent. Indicate two or more articles by the same authors in the same year by the letters a, b, etc. For example: 1987a, 1987b, etc. A few of the more common types of references follow. Always double-space references in the manuscript you are preparing. Include the complete title of the publication being cited.

Allen, J. S. 1988. The Complete Dictionary of Abbreviations. New York: MacMillan & Sons, Inc.
Cool, J. C., F. J. Schijff and T. J. Viersma. 1991. Regeltechnik (Control Engineering). Overburg, Germany: Delta Press.

Part of a Book
Overstreet, H. A. 1925. The psychology of effective writing. In Effective Report Writing: Principles and Practices, ed. W. H. Pierre, ch. 3, 87-109. Chicago: Graphic Publishing Co.

James, D. 1980. United States fruit and vegetable harvest projections _ 1990. USDA-1007. Washington, D.C.: GPO.

Computer Documentation and Programs
(The year of publication and trademark symbol are unnecessary.)
Lotus 1-2-3 Rel. 2, ch. 6. Cambridge, Mass.: Lotus Development Corp.
SAS User's Guide: Statistics Ver. 5, pp. 60-70. Cary, N.C.: SAS Institute, Inc.

Dissertation or Thesis
Weed, D. J. 1992. Effect of tillage and crop rotation on soil nitrate and moisture. M.S. thesis. Ames: Iowa State Univ., microfiche.
Workman, S. R. 1990. Development and application of a preferential flow model. Ph.D. diss., Biological and Agricultural Engineering Dept., North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh.

U.S. House Committee on Conservation Needs and Opportunities. 1986. Soil conservation: Assessing the national resource inventory, vol. 1. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
Arizona Water Commission. 1992. Arizona State Water Plan, Phase I, Inventory of resources and uses. Phoenix: State of Arizona.

Boulart, J. 1983. Process for protecting a fluid product and installations for the realization of that process. French Patent No. 2513087 (In French).

Personal Communication
In the text, include references to correspondence or to conversations either in person or by telephone. It is unnecessary to include personal communications in the reference list since they are not usually available to the public.
For example: C. Williams, personal communication, St. Joseph, Mich., 22 November 1991.

Cundiff, J. S., D. H. Vaughan and D. J. Parrish. 1985. Pith separation procedure for processing whole-stalk sweet sorghum. In Proc. 5th Annual Solar and Biomass Workshop, 133-136. Atlanta, Ga., 23-25 April.
Miller, F. R. and R. A. Creelman. 1980. Sorghum -- A new fuel. In Proc. 35th Annual Corn and Sorghum Industry Research Conf., eds. H. D. Londen and W. Wilkinson, 219-232. Washington, D.C.:Am. Seed Trade Assoc.

Agricultural Engineers Yearbook of Standards. 1983. S358.1. Moisture measurement -- Grain and seeds. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASAE.
Anthony, W. S. 1989. Performance characteristics of cotton ginning machinery. ASAE Paper No.89-1010. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASAE.
ASAE Standards, 36th Ed. 1989. S352.1. Moisture measurement -- Grain and seeds. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASAE.
Burner, A. D. 1989. Driveline design considerations. Agricultural Engineering 70(July/August):16-19.
Griffin Jr., A. C. 1977. Cotton moisture control. In Cotton Ginners Handbook. Agricultural Handbook No. 503, USDA, Washington, D.C.
Jacobson, L. D. 1989. Reluctance to drink, stray voltage symptom. Int. Pigletter 8(12):47-48.
Slaughter, D. C. and R. C. Harrell. 1989. Discriminating fruit for robotic harvest using color in natural outdoor scenes. Transactions of the ASAE 32(2):757-763.

Unpublished Information
Unpublished references include personal communication, interviews, mimeographed reports, theses or dissertations. Identify these as well as unpublished results and other source material in the text within parentheses; include the source, the year (if available), title, location, or other information needed to establish the authenticity of the reference. For example, (Alan Smith, personal communication with author, Gainesville, Fla., 21 June 1987) or (William Chancellor, interview by author, Davis, Calif., 1 August 1995).
If the information is included in the reference section, use the form (Smith, 1987) in the text and the following format as with other references:
Smith, A. 1987. Personal communication with author. Gainesville, Fla., 21 June.
Chancellor, W. 1995. Interview by author. Davis, Calif., 1 August.
Unpublished results would appear in the text (James E. Jones, unpublished data, 1990) as shown here.
A thesis or dissertation in the text should be written [Mark D. Campbell, "The lower limit of soil water potential for potato growth" (Ph.D. diss., Washington State Univ., 1991), 32-35] like this. Of course, the author of the work in which this type of source appears must be prepared to provider be able to easily locate these materials as might be requested by a reader.
When an unpublished item is referred to more than once in the text, it should be placed in the reference section:
Campbell, M. D. 1991. The lower limit of soil water potential for potato growth, 32-35, Ph.D. diss. Pullman: Washington State Univ.
If a work appears in Dissertation Abstracts International, the citation should appear as:
Campbell, M. D. 1991. The lower limit of soil water potential for potato growth. Ph.D. diss., Washington State Univ. Abstract in Dissertation Abstracts International 60:2405A-2406A.

Preparation of Tables
Each table should have explanatory title and sufficient experimental detail to be intelligible without reference to the text. Limit horizontal rules; do not use vertical rules. Use superscript lowercase italic alphabets for footnotes. Supply an appropriate heading for each column. Include units in which the data are expressed at the top of each column. Do not use ditto marks

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6-3. Native Check of English

The editorial board strongly recommends to get the native speaker's English check in terms of refereeing. This check is the author's responsibility. It is not the referee's work to check the grammatical error of submitted text. A proof of native speaker's English check is required to be submitted with the final paper submission after all revisions are completed.